Ovaries are part of the anatomy for people with vulvas. There is one ovary located on each end of the uterus connected to the uterus by the fallopian tube. The ovaries are responsible for carrying the eggs and releasing them every month via a process called ovulation. They are also responsible for producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone. These hormones play a major role as they are responsible for the menstrual cycle, fertility, pregnancy and the development of the body.